为什么“风控”才是预言机的关键命门?——解读ADAMoracle创新风控模型

链叨叨直播间之大咖分享汇特邀ADAMoracle创始人&CEO Ahmed Ebrahim进行《为什么“风控”才是预言机的关键命门?

为什么“风控”才是预言机的关键命门?——解读ADAMoracle创新风控模型

2021年08月17日下午16:00,链叨叨直播间之大咖分享汇特邀ADAMoracle创始人&CEO Ahmed Ebrahim进行《为什么“风控”才是预言机的关键命门?——解读ADAMoracle创新风控模型》专场直播,由链叨叨媒体负责人Sakura小樱对话 Ahmed Ebrahim,通过问答的方式,将行业内近期最热的内容呈现在你眼前。

以下为采访实录:(在不改变原意的情况下,稍有删节)

嘉宾介绍:

大家好,我是ADAMoracle创始人兼CEO Ahmed Ebrahim,拥有国际金融和投资学MBA学位, 对财务规划、会计、分析和投资有深入的了解,2018年我被国家开发银行授予奖项。目前已成功投资了多个区块链项目,仍持有各种加密资产。个人十分看好预言机,2020年就开始长期投身于预言机的研究探索,专注于打造新一代预言机3.0产品ADAMoracle。谢谢。

Ahmed Ebrahim: Hello everyone, I am Ahmed Ebrahim, the Co-founder and CEO of ADAMoracle. I have got my MBA degree in international finance and investment. In 2018, I was awarded by the China Development Bank. I have successfully invested in multiple blockchain projects and still holds various encrypted assets.Personally, I am very optimistic about the oracle. In 2020, I devoted myself to the research of the oracle for a long time, focusing on creating a new generation of oracle 3.0 product. Thank you.

问题一:很高兴今天能和Ahmed Ebrahim一起探讨预言机问题,我想问:在行业内,安全事故频发,预言机作为一个中间件为什么会时常成为被攻击的对象?

Question 1: I am very happy to discuss the problem of oracles with Ahmed Ebrahim today. Let us get back to the topic. I’m curious that why do oracles, as a middleware, often become the target of attacks?

Ahmed Ebrahim:预言机的核心功能是喂价服务,链上多数的DAPP都需要预言机提供数据服务,并且一般都是资产的定价数据。价格对金融资产的作用不言而喻,几美元的价格偏差,就可能对投资人或项目方造成极大的资产损失,因此预言机就成了被黑客“照顾”的对象。

所以想提供预言机解决方案,就必须考虑风控问题,保障传输数据的安全性、高效性和精准性至关重要。然而市场上主流的预言机产品仍存在的很大程度上不透明、不准确、难以扩展且抗攻击性差等问题,这也就是市场上诸如闪电贷攻击等安全事故频发的原因。

Ahmed Ebrahim:The core function of the oracle is the price-feeding service. Most DAPPs on the chain require the oracle to provide data services, and they are generally asset pricing data. The effect of price on financial assets is self-evident. A price deviation of a few dollars may cause great asset losses to investors. Therefore, the oracle attracts so much attention by hackers. 

Therefore, if you want to provide an oracle solution, you must consider the issue of risk control, and it is essential to ensure the security, efficiency, and accuracy of the transmitted data. However, mainstream oracle products on the market still have problems such as opaque, inaccurate, difficult to expand, and poor resistance to attacks. This is the reason why security incidents such as lightning loan attacks frequently occur in the market.

问题二: 预言机攻击的原因找到了,但市场上的问题现在似乎没有完全解决。Ahmed Ebrahim长期从事预言机领域的研究,对此是否提出了好的解决方案?

Question 2:The reason of why oracle got attack has been found, but the problem on the market does not seem to be completely resolved now. You has been engaged in research in the field of oracles for a long time. Is there any good solution?

Ahmed Ebrahim:我们很早就发现了预言机领域的机遇和问题,2020年7月我和同伴在迪拜一起成立了ADAMoracle实验室,专注于打造出一款能够满足市场多元化需求且安全可靠的杀手级预言机产品。目前ADAMoracle 1.0版本已经正式上线了。

ADAMoracle是首个支持广域节点喂价的去中心化预言机,最早推出了广域节点报价体系,不仅保留了传统的数据源机构,还添加海量多元化服务器作为计算节点和存储节点,是将预言机和数据源都实现去中心化的完备预言机解决方案,并且支持多链运行。

ADAMoracle实验室首创的广域节点喂价机制,能够使预言机架构实现无界限的星际网络计算。其核心功能可以连接成千上万的多元化服务器作为喂价节点进行报价,有效的构建了安全、可拓展的预言机报价系统。在保障数据信息的安全精准的前提下,可满足大量机构和智能合约开发者的数据需求。

Ahmed Ebrahim: We discovered the opportunities and problems in the oracle field very early. In July 2020, my partner and I established the ADAMoracle Lab in Dubai, focusing on creating a safe and reliable killer oracle that can meet the diversified needs of the market. Currently, ADAMoracle 1.0 version has been officially launched.

ADAMoracle is the first decentralized oracle that supports wide-area node quotation. It is the first to launch a wide-area node quotation system, which not only retains the traditional data source organization, but also adds a large number of diversified servers as computing nodes and storage nodes. Both the oracle and the data source realize a decentralized and complete oracle solution, and support multi-chain operation.

The wide-area node pricing mechanism pioneered by ADAMoracle laboratory enables the oracle architecture to realize unbounded interstellar network computing. Its core function can connect thousands of diversified servers as price feed nodes for quotation, effectively constructing a safe and expandable oracle quotation system. On the premise of ensuring the safety and accuracy of data information, it can meet the data needs of a large number of institutions and smart contract developers.

问题三:“广域节点”这个说法很新颖,但是具体ADAMoracle如何保障喂价数据的安全和精准我还是不太明白,您可以展开讲解吗?

Question 3:The term “wide area node” is very new, but I still don’t quite understand how ADAMoracle guarantees the security and accuracy of the price feed data. Can you explain it?

Ahmed Ebrahim:为提高预言机整体安全性能,ADAMoracle建立了全面的风控模型。这一点我们可以从用户发起数据请求到得到喂价数据的整套流程中得到直观的感受。

当用户发起数据请求后,ADAMoracle预言机将启动智能计算,进行大规模数据筛选和计算,第一步就是筛选出一批最匹配的节点并传递消息请求;接收请求的节点们随即从交易所或物联网中获取数据并将其传输至ADAMoracle预言机的安全后台;ADAMoracle预言机通过聚合合约选出喂价数据最精准的节点,使其完成喂价服务。除预言机智能计算系统全程保驾护航外,ADAMoracle还在架构中最大程度的增加了安全性。 

首先是广域节点喂价机制,通过该机制ADAMoracle预言机网络可以容纳成千上万的节点进行喂价服务,节点越多,节点合谋作恶或攻击预言机系统的成本就越高。

其次,成为ADAMoracle预言机节点需衡量节点服务器安全性,存储空间和计算能力,这是预言机网络整体安全性的第一步保障;再者,通过“Server-X”(服务器监测插件)数据监测,ADAMoracle将从节点的历史喂价服务、投票数、风评和征信等方面行进星级评定,并不定期的淘汰劣质节点,持续提升ADAMoracle预言机整体性能。

In order to improve the overall safety performance of the oracle, ADAMoracle has established a comprehensive risk control mechanism. This can be intuitively felt in the whole process from the user initiating a data request to getting the price data.

When the user initiates a data request, ADAMoracle will start intelligent calculations to carry out large-scale data screening and calculation. The first step is to screen out a batch of best matching nodes and deliver message requests; the nodes that receive the request will then be sent from the exchange or In the Internet of Things, data is obtained and transmitted to the secure background of the ADAMoracle; ADAMoracle selects the most accurate node with the most accurate price feeding data through the aggregation contract, so that it can complete the quotation service. 

In addition to escorting the oracle intelligent computing system throughout the entire process, ADAMoracle also maximizes security in the architecture.

The first is the wide-area node quote mechanism. Through this mechanism, ADAMoracle network can accommodate thousands of nodes for quotation services. The more nodes there are, the higher the cost of nodes colluding to commit evil or attacking the oracle system.

Secondly, becoming an node needs to measure the security of the node server, storage space and computing ability. This is the first step to ensure the overall security of the oracle network; secondly, through the “Server-X” (server monitoring plug-in) data monitoring , ADAMoracle will advance the star rating from the historical price feed service of the nodes, the number of votes, the wind evaluation and the credit investigation, etc., and the inferior nodes will be eliminated from time to time, and the overall performance of the ADAMoracle oracle will continue to be improved.

问题四:您这么说我就明白了,在这一套组合拳下,我想黑客不愿意花大代价来攻击ADAMoracle了。我还想问,从做项目的角度说,您认为ADAMoracle还具备哪些优势,使其能够在行业中长久生存?

Question 4:I think hackers are not willing to spend a lot of money to attack ADAMoracle. I would also like to ask, from the point of view of the project, what do you think ADAMoracle still has to enable it to survive in the industry for a long time?

Ahmed Ebrahim:ADAMoracle具备多重优势:

技术上,ADAMoracle是首个将数据源和预言机均实现去中心化的预言机整体解决方案。同时,在未来ADAMoracle将实现跨链连接ETH、Polygon、Polkadot、BSC等公链,打通整个链上生态,实现数据信息无边界传输。 

经济模型上,60%的ADAM份额均属于节点挖矿产出,投资机构与项目创始团队仅占据较低的比重,这样的经济模型使ADAM更具活性,就和比特币一样,拥有顽强的生命力。

资源优势上,ADAMoracle注重海内外社区的打造,已成功搭建多平台社区,包括电报,推特等,社区整体用户量超10万+;此外,ADAMoracle获得数十家机构战略投资,还获得了上百家媒体和大量外部社区的流量支持。

哪个领域都不会缺乏竞争,ADAMoracle预言机寻求长远稳健的发展,将立足于DeFi生态,着眼于数据信息价值的传递与挖掘,为所有的数据需求方提供精准完善的预言机整体解决方案。

Our advantages are as below:

Technical advantages 

The ADAMoracle team is currently developing the core products of the oracle, developing and improving the oracle node mining mechanism, that includes the mining program implanted on the server side, block browsers, and designing storage power DAPP products (currently DAPP is almost ready to launch)

At the same time, ADAMoracle will realize cross-chain connection of ETH, Polygon, Polkadot, BSC and other public chains, open up the entire chain ecosystem, and realize the borderless transmission of data and information.

Economic advantage

ADAMoracle is a community-centric project. 60% of the ADAM share belongs to node mining output, investment institutions and project founding teams only occupy a relatively low proportion. This economic model makes ADAM more active, just like Bitcoin, with tenacious vitality.

Resource advantage

ADAMoracle focuses on the building of communities, and has successfully built a multi-platform community, including Telegram, Twitter, etc., with an overall community of more than 100,000+ users; in addition, ADAMoracle has received strategic investment from dozens of institutions, as well as hundreds of media and a large number of media. Traffic support from external communities.

There is no lack of competition in any field. ADAMoracle seeks long-term and stable development, based on the DeFi ecosystem, focusing on the transmission and mining of data information value, and providing accurate and complete oracle solutions for all data demanders.

问题五:您刚才提到了经济模型,这是用户们都非常关心的问题,ADAMoracle预言机的经济模型是怎样的,可否展开说明?ADAM在预言机生态中发挥了怎样的作用? 

Question 5:Now that we are talking about ADAM token rewards, I would like to ask a question that users are very concerned about, what is the economic model of the ADAMoracle oracle, and what role does ADAM play in the oracle ecosystem?

Ahmed Ebrahim:ADAM是ADAMoracle对参与者的贡献量奖励通证,是生态圈的价值核心,其价值来源于生态成员的价值贡献,ADAM的发行总量为1亿枚。具体ADAM份额分配可参考以下图片:

ADAM is ADAMoracle’s contribution reward token to participants. It is the value core of the ecosystem. Its value comes from the value contribution of ecosystem members. The total amount of ADAM issued is 100 million. The specific ADAM share allocation can refer to the following picture:

预言机

【节点挖矿】挖矿产出60%,6000万枚ADAM均用于节点挖矿奖励支出。

【流动性挖矿】9%,900万枚,用于流动性挖矿及单币质押挖矿。

【早期兑换】16%,1600万。分三轮:种子轮、私募轮、公募轮。

【社区贡献者奖励】5%,500万。

【团队预留】5%,500万。

【社群/市场运营】5%,500万。

ADAMoracle预言机以ADAM经济模型构建了一个节点为中心,社区为辅助的去中心化治理生态。为提高节点的忠诚度,最大程度的优化预言机的运行效率,ADAMoracle将绝大多数的ADAM份额让利给节点。在ADAMoracle生态中,项目方和投资机构作为早期参与者发挥引领作用,随着ADAMoracle预言机发展壮大,节点和社区将成为项目的核心,实现真正的共同治理。

[Node mining] 60% of mining output, 60 million ADAMs are used for node mining rewards.

[Liquidity mining] 9%, 9 million. Used for liquidity mining and pledge mining.

[Early Financing] 16%, 16 million. There are three rounds: seed round, private sale round, and public sale round.

[Reward for community contributors] 5%, 5 million.

[Reserved by the team] 5%, 5 million.

[Community/Market Operation] 5%, 5 million.

ADAMoracle oracle builds a node-centered and community-based decentralized governance ecosystem. In order to increase the loyalty of the node and optimize the operating efficiency of the oracle to the greatest extent, ADAMoracle will reward most of the ADAM to the node. In the ADAMoracle ecosystem, project parties and investment institutions play a leading role as early participants. With the development of the ADAMoracle, nodes and communities will become the core of the project.

问题六:您讲的这些优势确实很吸引人,但是预言机喂价信息太重要了,传输数据的一点偏差或遭到预言机攻击都带会给项目方和投资者巨大的损失,ADAMoracle如何保障喂价数据的安全和精准呢?

Question 6:The advantages you mentioned are indeed very attractive, the price information of the oracle is too important. Any deviation in the transmission data or attack by the oracle will bring huge losses. How does ADAMoracle guarantee the price data safe and accurate?

预言机

Ahmed Ebrahim:为提高预言机整体安全性能,ADAMoracle建立了全面的风控模型。这一点我们可以从用户发起数据请求到得到喂价数据的整套流程中得到直观的感受。

当用户发起数据请求后,ADAMoracle预言机将启动智能计算,进行大规模数据筛选和计算,第一步就是筛选出一批最匹配的节点并传递消息请求;接收请求的节点们随即从交易所或物联网中获取数据并将其传输至ADAMoracle预言机的安全后台;ADAMoracle预言机通过聚合合约选出喂价数据最精准的节点,使其完成喂价服务。除预言机智能计算系统全程保驾护航外,ADAMoracle还在架构中最大程度的增加了安全性。

首先是广域节点喂价机制,通过该机制ADAMoracle预言机网络可以容纳成千上万的节点进行喂价服务,节点越多,节点合谋作恶或攻击预言机系统的成本就越高。

其次,成为ADAMoracle预言机节点需衡量节点服务器安全性,存储空间和计算能力,这是预言机网络整体安全性的第一步保障;再者,通过“Server-X”(服务器监测插件)数据监测,ADAMoracle将从节点的历史喂价服务、投票数、风评和征信等方面行进星级评定,并不定期的淘汰劣质节点,持续提升ADAMoracle预言机整体性能。

In order to improve the overall safety performance of the oracle, ADAMoracle has established a comprehensive risk control mechanism. This can be intuitively felt in the whole process from the user initiating a data request to getting the price data.

When the user initiates a data request, ADAMoracle will start intelligent calculations to carry out large-scale data screening and calculation. The first step is to screen out a batch of best matching nodes and deliver message requests; the nodes that receive the request will then be sent from the exchange or In the Internet of Things, data is obtained and transmitted to the secure background of the ADAMoracle; ADAMoracle selects the most accurate node with the most accurate price data through the aggregation contract, so that it can complete the quotation service.In addition to escorting the oracle intelligent computing system throughout the entire process, ADAMoracle also maximizes security in the architecture.

The first is the wide-area node quote mechanism. Through this mechanism, ADAMoracle network can accommodate thousands of nodes for quotation services. The more nodes there are, the higher the cost of nodes colluding to commit evil or attacking the oracle system.

Secondly, becoming an node needs to measure the security of the node server, storage space and computing ability. This is the first step to ensure the overall security of the oracle network; secondly, through the “Server-X” (server monitoring plug-in) data monitoring , ADAMoracle will advance the star rating from the historical price feed service of the nodes, the number of votes, the wind evaluation and the credit investigation, etc., and the inferior nodes will be eliminated from time to time, and the overall performance of the ADAMoracle will continue to be improved.

问题七:ADAMoracle预言机代币还没有上线,官方计划是怎样安排的?目前项目有哪些进展或者说有什么规划吗?

Question 7:The ADAMoracle token has not yet been launched. What is the official plan? Is there any progress or plan for the current project?

Ahmed Ebrahim:ADAMoracle预言机是能够多链运行的产品,具体以后ADAMoracle第一次主网上线与部署会在哪一条链上,需要根据开发节奏,与市场的情况进行公布。目前ADAMoracle预言机正处于筹备期,目前正在进行技术完善与市场拓展。

技术上,ADAMoracle项目正在研发和完善预言机节点挖矿机制;研发植入到服务器端的挖矿程序;研发区块浏览器,统计ADAM产出情况等;开发节点算力产品DAPP。

市场上,ADAMoracl项目正在大力寻找生态合作伙伴,目前已与多家项目,机构达成合作,加入ADAMoracle预言机生态的节点总算力已达100P;海外核心社区用户22,000+, 中国、越南、西班牙、日本社区总计10,000+ 用户。其他进展,大家可关注ADAMoracle预言机官方账号,我们将持续公布最新动态。

ADAMoracle oracle is a product that can run on multiple chains. ADAMoracle will technically realize cross-chain in public chain networks such as the Ethereum ETH network, Polkadot, Polygon and BSC smart chain. Then, the specific chain on which ADAMoracle will be launched and deployed for the first time in the future needs to be announced according to the development pace and market conditions.At present, the ADAMoracle oracle is in the preparatory period, and is currently undergoing technical improvement and market expansion.

Technically, the ADAMoracle project is developing and improving the oracle node mining mechanism; developing a mining program implanted on the server side; developing a block explorer, statistical ADAM output, etc.; developing a node computing power product DAPP.

In the market, the ADAMoracl project is vigorously looking for ecological partners. At present, it has reached cooperation with many projects and institutions. The total computing power of nodes joining the ADAMoracle oracle ecosystem has reached 100P; overseas core community users 22,000+, China, Vietnam, Spain, Japan The community has a total of 10,000+ users. For other developments, you can follow the official account of the ADAMoracle oracle, and we will continue to announce the latest developments.

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